HOW TO SOLVE PUZZLES IN BIG STEPS
Fill out the strings in the whole puzzle with AU-pairs. Don’t have all AU-pairs turn the same way.
Stabilize loops, by placing a red nucleotide or two at one of the spots, where it boosts the energy.
Place GC-pairs in the puzzle so the whole structure gets stabilized. Use more GC-pairs if neccessary to stabilize the structure and remove the extra afterwards.
Only put in GU-pairs when the structure is stabilized.
PUZZLE SOLVING IN SMALLER STEPS
Step by step solving of the challenge puzzle Ciliate telomerase, level 0.
First some explanation about common terms.
For more explanation of terminology see Eterna dictionary.
STEP 1) Pick blue nucleotide in the nucleotide box. Start filling in AU-pairs like this.
Place the blue nucleotide at the end of the string to the one side, switch side so the middle part of the string have the blue nucleotides to the opposite site. At the end the string, switch side back again, and so on.
Fill in all the strings in the puzzle with AU-pairs.
Keep an eye on the small red box at the left top corner of the screen. It indicates how well the puzzle structure is stabilized. Red lines means unstabilized.
Having long stretches of AU-pairs in line is not always good. Switch a few around with the white swapping tool right beside where you pick the differently colored nucleotides. Swapping a few basepairs makes the basepairs on the two lines of nucleotides connect better and the string more stable.
One of the AU-pairs in the long string at the right bottom of the picture, are made to turn the other way. Notice how it make target shape looks better in the red little box. There is less red, which means you are closer to stabilize it.
STEP 2) Stabilize loops with red nucleotides
Loops can be stabilized with one or two nucleotides, depending on the loop type. Stabilizing a loop with a red nucleotide, is called boosting the loop. Placing a red nucleotide at the correct spot to one of the sides of the loop beginning, will change the level of energy inside the loop. End loops can be stabilized with one red nucleotide. In loops between two strings inside the puzzle you are allowed to boost with two red nucleotides.
STEP 3) Put in GC-pairs.
GC-pairs have optimal stabilizing effect on the puzzle if used in the multiloops, hooks and junctions in general.
Junction is where loop and string meet, bulge meet string or hook meet string. All the junctions are marked with orange stars.
You can get an energetic bonus, if you turn the GC-pair closing the multi loop, (the biggest loop) in the right direction. Rule for remembrance of direction: red nucleotide to the right, green nucleotide to the left. As viewed from inside the loop.
Turning the GC-pairs in the right direction, raises the negative energy inside the loop and helps it keep the puzzle structure together.
Place GC-pairs in the area of the puzzle, where there is red spots in the target shape box.
Notice all structure in the target shape box went white. Now the structure is stabilized.
STEP 4) Fill in GU-pairs.
If a puzzle needs GU-pairs, ALWAYS place the AU-pairs and GC-pairs first and make sure the puzzle is stabilized – no red spots in the target shape. THEN you can fill in any GU-pairs. Else they will acts as string splitters, so you won’t be able to solve the puzzle.
Puzzle solved. Good luck with your puzzle solving!
Thanks to Mat for feedback and good ideas while the puzzle solving guide was in the making. Also thanks to Starryjess and Nascarnut, for helping my clarify things in the guide.